Body Fat Calculator for Males is a bodyfat calculation based on the averages taken from US Navy Method,2-folds by Sloan,3-folds by Jackson-Pollock,3-folds by Lohman,4-folds by Durnin-Womersley,4-folds by Forsyth-Sinning,7-folds by Jackson-Pollock,and 9-folds by Parillo formulas. All circumferrence measurements should be done in cm,measured to the nearest mm using tape. All skinfold measurements should be made on the right side of the body in mm using a body fat caliper. Body fat caliper should be placed 1 cm away from thumb and finger,perpendicular to skinfold,and halfway between crest and base of fold. Pinch should be maintained with the body fat caliper for 1 to 2 seconds before reading the caliper. Take duplicate measurements at each site,allow time for skin to regain normal texture and thickness.
J. Hodgdon,M. Beckett. "Prediction of percent body fat for U.S. navy men and women from body circumferences and height." Reports No. 84-29 and 84-11. Naval Health Research Center,San Diego,California 1984.
A. W. Sloan. "Estimation of body fat in young men." Journal of Applied Physiology. 23:311-315,1967.
A. S. Jackson,M. L. Pollock. "Generalized equations for predicting body density of men." British Journal of Nutrition. 40(3):497-504,1978.
T. G. Lohman. "Skinfolds and body density and their relation to body fatness:a review." Human Biololgie. 53(2):181-225,1981.
J. V. G. A. Durnin,J. Womersley. "Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness:measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years." British Journal of Nutrition. 32:77-97,1974.
H.L. Forsyth,W. E. Sinning. "The anthropometric estimation of body density and lean body weight of male athletes." Medicine and Science in Sports. 5(3):174-180,1973.
J. Parrillo,Greenwood-Robinson. "High-performance bodybuilding." Berkeley Publishing group,New York,169-172,1993.